The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies


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Hardwick, [and] F. Littlehampton, W. Hignett, Barnett Henry Steadfast continuation in the apostles' doctrines. San Francisco, Pacific Press, Barnett Robert "Is there not a cause? Barnett Robert The peril of divisive teaching. Barrows Elijah Porter A new introduction to the study of the Bible. GC With proprietary signature and annotations of W. Barry A M Joseph revealing himself to his brethren Valencia, Ca. Conner, [n. Barton to Dr. Burkitt, of Gumeracha, South Australia. Barton Leonard G Bearwood Chapel: one hundred years of witness Halesowen, Reliance Printing Works, Bass Clarence B Backgrounds to dispensationalism: its historical genesis and ecclesiastical implications.

Third printing. Grand Rapids, Baker, Bateman John B On the divisions in the church of God recently made in connection with the brethren meeting in the name of the Lord Jesus. G 5. Bates Edward Herbert Spiritual thoughts from the scriptures of truth:notes from a young man's Bible. Bound in brown cloth. The Believer"s Library. Bound in blue cloth. The Believer's Library. Bound in blue cloth; gilt lettering on front board. Bath believer's meetings, A brief report of the Bath believers' meetings, Bath, "Echoes of Service" Office, [c.

Batt John Herridge Dr. Barnardo: the foster-father of "nobody's children," a record and an interpretation, etc. London, S. Partridge, Allan, Or, to a committee? Marked] "Private, for those in fellowship only. Batten James E J. Blatchley, Batten and F. Exeter, J. Townsend, [n. Batten James E "Whom say ye that I am? Allan, [n. Baxter Robert Irvingism, in its rise, progress, and present state. Bayles R F A plea for pastoral ministry. New York,Loizeaux Bros. Wheaton, Ill. Shaw, Bayly John Code Church principles, etc. Walters, [n. Baynes William Craig Narrative of facts which led to the rejection of F.

Grant by the Montreal assembly. Be perfect "Be perfect. Beacon R Thoughts on the parables in Matt. Glasgow, R. Beales R Woodhouse The church and the kingdom. Kilmarnock,John Ritchie,[n. Beales R Woodhouse The coming of the Lord. Ipswich, Beales, [n. Leatherhead, C. Dyer, [n. Beales R Woodhouse Tongues, healings, and prophesyings. With addendum. Beasley Walter J Creation's amazing architect. Bombay, Gospel Literature Service, Beattie David Johnstone Brethren: the story of a great recovery.

Beattie David Johnstone Looking back: a century's trials and triumphs in the foreign field. Beattie; and "God's unknown church" Glasgow, H. Beattie, [c. G "God's unknown church" has a separate title-page. Beattie Hunter Jesus and the Holy Spirit: a devotional meditation, etc. Beattie Hunter Romans three: striking, plain and true messages from God to you, etc.

Beattie, [n. H [ocking. Marked] "Issued privately,not for sale. Hammond, [c. Wyke, Bradford, H. Beaumont, Because ye are not of the world "Because ye are not of the world": John 15, London, [n. Becker Hans Ekklesia und "Bund": drei Referate. Wuppertal-Elberfeld, R. Becker Hans Elberfelder Zusammenkunst vom Mai kurze Zusammenfassung der Ausfuhrungen.

Dusseldorf, K. Schmidt, Schmidt, [n. Becker Herman What God has wrought! Joys and sorrows of missionary life. Shanghai, Christian Book Room, Studies on the book of Genesis. Office, [n. B ecke tt. Been R the Elder Christus in het boek Jesaja. Winschoten, Uit het Woord der Waarheid, Winschoten, Uit het Woord der Waarheid, [c. Vierde druk. Apeldoorn, H. Medema, Been; Priesters en Levieten, door H. Derde druk. Medema, [c. Beer Patricia Mrs Beer's house. London, Hutchinson, Begin today "Begin today, by all means.

Louis, Mo. Behnam Matta Zegen en strijd: de brief aan de Efeziers. Bruins; in het Nederlands door A. Nun-Wilts en H. Tweede druk. Behold he cometh Behold he cometh! A word in season. Behold He cometh with clouds Behold He cometh with clouds. Kelso, J. Rutherfurd, KR J. Rutherfurd's Series of Tracts No. Bei Menschen unmoglich Bei Menschen unmoglich, bei Gott moglich. Brockhaus, [n. KR No. Lahr-Dinglingen, Imp. KR Per. Beiden Wege, Die Die beiden Wege.

KR Nr. Halls Convention Meetings "A declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us. Believe and live Believe and live; or the old, old story by precept and example. Believer's magazine, The The believer's friend: containing simple ministry for old and young. VI, XIX no. Believer's magazine, The The believer's magazine, etc.

Ritchie, [, ,] , , [, ,] , , , , , , , , GC Imperfect. Believer's magazine, The Primary truths of the faith: twelve plain papers by twelve well-known writers. Believer's pathway, The The believer's pathway Edited by W. Shaw [and] J. Glasgow,The Publishing Office, , , , , , , ,, , , , , GC [vol. Publisher varies.

Believer's privilege, The The believer's privilege. Believer's reward, The The believer's reward. London, Hunt and Elliott, printers, [n. Tracts for the Believer, no. Believer's treasury, The The believer's treasury, etc. Maybole, W. I-X Vol. Believers' hymn book, The The believers' hymn book, with tunes. Old notation. Glasgow, Publishing Office, [n. Believers' hymn book, The The believers' hymn book: a collection of scriptural hymns for use at all assemblings of the Lord's people. Sol-fa notation. GC With appendix containing words of hymns G With appendix containing words of hymns Believers' hymn book, The The believer's hymn book supplement: staff music and words with melody in sol-fa.

Bell Alfred Cease ye from man: a letter addressed to the Rev. John Cox, Ipswich, in reply to his tract entitled "Test before you trust. John Cox, Ipswich, in reply to his tract entitled "Test before you trust". Bell Andrew W Songs of victory: a collection of hymns and solos Compiled by A. Glasgow, Scottish Bible and Book Society, [c. Bell George William Building to divine pattern, or "jerry-building" - which?

G With cancellans on p. GC With cancellans on p. Bell George William Christian baptism and counterfeits. Kilmarnock, John Ritchie, Bell George William Christian citizenship: the present world tendencies and the nature and principles of Christian testimony. Bell George William Is "the Sermon" for the church? A criticism of a book entitled "Chapters on the sermon on the mount" by Hogg and J. Foreword by W. G , 1. Bell George William Partial rapture and resurrection, "a cunningly devised fable," contrasted with Scripture. Wimborne, G. GC With manuscript annotations and proprietary stamp of G.

GC With publication notice attached and manuscript annotations of G. Bell George William The publick baptism of infants. Reprinted from "Assembly Testimony. Bell, [n. Bell George William Unauthorised divisions amongst the people of God: clergy and laity, and denominational names. Bell Harry Daniel. Glasgow, Gospel Tract Pubns. Bell J H Heresy according to Scripture. London, Yapp and Hawkins, [c. Bell T George The cross of Christ, in connection with everlasting life and everlasting punishment: the substance of two lectures delivered at Shouldham Street Chapel, London.

Partridge, [n. For later edition of the first and fifth items, see under J. Nichols, "Recovery and retention. Bellett John Gifford Abraham. New edition. Bellett John Gifford The apostleship of Paul London, T. The Church at Thessalonica. Los Angeles, Berean Bookshelf, [c. GC Bound in green cloth. Bellett John Gifford The church at Thessalonica. Bellett John Gifford The confederacies of men, and the judgments of God. Ottawa, H. Hayhoe, Horner, [c. Belfast, Words of Truth, [n. Bellett John Gifford Early days: a series of letters [written by J.

Bellett and others] showing how the Spirit of God led in the recovery of various great truths relating to the church, some ninety years ago. New York,Loizeaux Br. Bellett John Gifford Enoch. Bateman, Bellett John Gifford The evangelists: being meditations upon the four Gospels Bellett John Gifford The evangelists: being meditations upon the four Gospels. Bellett John Gifford The evangelists: papers on the four Gospels. New York,Loiseaux Bros. Bellett John Gifford Family character and family religion. Bellett John Gifford Family character, and family religion.

London, I. Bellett John Gifford "Fulness of joy. Bellett John Gifford Hagar, Gen. Bellett John Gifford Heaven and earth. Fifth edition, revised and enlarged. Bellett John Gifford Interesting reminiscences of the early history of "Brethren", [including: 1. Bellett to J. McAllister; 2. Darby; 3. Wigram; 4. Cronin; 5. Stoney; and 6. Nichols, "Recovery and retention" Weston-super-Mare, W. Scott, [c. Bellett John Gifford An introduction to Isaiah. Bellett John Gifford An introduction to the book of Job.

Bateman, [n. Bellett John Gifford An introduction to the Canticles. With covering titlepage "The Patriarchs, etc. Bellett John Gifford Isaac. Bellett John Gifford Jacob. Bellett John Gifford Joseph Bellett John Gifford Judah's captivity in Babylon. Edinburgh, R.

Bellett John Gifford "The lamb of God. Bellett John Gifford The lamb on the altar. Holness, [n. GC Calvary and its Teachings, no. On pink paper. On blue paper. Bellett John Gifford A letter as to "Bethesda. Bellett John Gifford Meditations upon the Canticles. London, Morrish, [n. Ritchie, [c. Bellett John Gifford Miscellaneous papers. Bellett John Gifford [Miscellaneous papers. New York,? Loiseaux Bros. Bellett John Gifford Musings on Scripture, etc. Walters, Bellett John Gifford Musings on the Apocalypse. Carter, []. Oak Park,Ill. Bellett John Gifford The nearness of the glory and other papers,etc.

London, Central Bible Truth Depot,[n. Bellett John Gifford The new creation. Bellett John Gifford Noah. Bellett John Gifford Notes from meditations on Luke. Reprinted from "The present testimony". Cooper, [c. Charlotte,Books For Christians, Ritchie, []. Bellett John Gifford On Christian experience. Revised and enlarged. Sixth edition, revised and enlarged. Seventh edition, revised and enlarged. New York, Loizeaux Brothers, [n. Par l'auteur de "La gloire morale du Seigneur Jesus Christ" [i. Traduit de l'anglais ["On the Gospel by St. John"] par R.

Reprint- ed from "The Christian Witness. Reprinted from "The Christian Witness. A new edition. Bellett,] etc. Manchester, W. Horner, [? GC Manchester Series, No. From notes taken at reading- meetings From notes taken at reading-meetings Broom, [c. London, Rouse, Bellett John Gifford Paul's apostleship and Epistles. London, [Tract Depot, c.

A reprint of the "Conclusion" [to] "The Evangelists". Ninth edition. London, Broom and Rouse, Tenth edition.

(Seven Churches of Asia Found in Revelation 2 and 3)

Tenth [sic] edition. Eleventh edition. G Bound in green cloth. Thirteenth edition. Fourteenth edition. Thirteenth [sic] edition. Fourteenth [sic] edition. Fifteenth edition. Sixteenth edition. Seventeenth edition. Elliott to M. Thirteenth impression. Seventeenth [sic] edition. Lancing, Kingston Bible Trust, Publisher's imprint supplied on sticker. Third edition, thousand. Tenali, Out of the Word of Truth, Bellett John Gifford Short meditations on Elisha Bellett John Gifford Elisa: kurze Betrachtungen uber 2. Nach dem Englischen ["Short meditations on Elisha. Bellett John Gifford Short meditations on the Psalms; chiefly in their prophetic character.

G With errata slip attached With proprietary signature of T. Bellett John Gifford Short meditations on the Psalms chiefly in their prophetic character. Second edition, enlarged. Bellett John Gifford Short meditations on the Psalms, chiefly in their prophetic character. Fifth edition, revised and enlarged London, W.

G With proprietary signature of G. Bellett John Gifford Short meditations, etc. Dublin, F. Cavenagh, Par J. Traduit de l'anglais ["A short meditation on the moral glory of the Lord Jesus Christ"]. Troisieme edition. Bethune, J. Baux, Paul, of Exeter. By the author of "The moral glory of the Lord Jesus Christ" [i. Bellett] London, W. By the author of "A short meditation on the moral glory of the Lord Jesus Christ" [i. G Bellett]. Complete edition, revised. Carter, By the author of "A short meditation on the moral glory of the Lord Jesus Christ", [i. New York, Loizeaux Brothers, Third Edition.

Bombay, Words of Life Publ. Photographic reprint]. Los Angeles, Berean Bookshelf, [n. Orange, Calif. Welch Foundation, [n. Bellett John Gifford St. Paul's general epistles. Bellett John Gifford There is a greatness in God. Bellett John Gifford Witnesses for God in dark and evil times, being studies and meditations on the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther. Kilmarnock J. Bellett John Gifford Woollen and linen. Bellett John Gifford Woollen and linen, being meditations and studies on Scripture subjects.

Bellett John Gifford Woollen and linen; and family character; family religion Bellett John Gifford Woollen and linen, and Family character; family religion. Bellett John Gifford Tissu de laine et de lin. Deuxieme edition. Bellett John Gifford The works of J. Bellett L M Recollections of the late J. G Bound in red cloth. Bellew J Unto all people,peace. Daniel 4, 1. Belton Cecil The exaltation of man. London,] Needed Truth Publishing Office, [n. Belton Raymond H The tie that binds. Belton Raymond H Under new management. Revised edition. Benjamites The Benjamites and Israel's treatment of them, Judges xix.

From a recent letter to a brother. Bennet William Henry "At home with the Lord:" the present blessedness of departed believers Reprinted from "Echoes of Service," with appendix. Bath, Echoes of Service,[n. Bennet William Henry Baptism Reprinted from "Echoes of Service. Bennet William Henry The believer's body Raymond, [n.

Bennet William Henry "By what authority? Bennet, H. Groves, H. Dyer, H. Heath, W. Lincoln, and T. Pickering, [c. GC On blue paper. Bennet William Henry Confidence in dark days; and "Not of the world" Bennet William Henry Fellowship. Bath, Echoes of Service, Bennet William Henry God and the world Bennet William Henry The good shepherd's gift, and eternal life Bath, Echoes of Service, [n.

Bennet William Henry Leaven to be purged: remarks on a tract by Mr. Weston entitled "How the leaven has wrought. Bennet, Reprinted from "Echoes of Service," with additional note. Bennet William Henry Meditations on the Gospels. London, Echoes of Service, [n. Bennet William Henry "More than conquerors:" meditations on the eighth chapter of Romans.

GC Inscribed by the author. G The "Witness" Manuals, no. GC The "Witness" Manuals, no. Bennet William Henry Prayers for the dead: a few words with reference to the late Archbishop of Canterbury. Bath, Mr. Cooper, [n. London, H. Bennet William Henry Praying for the departed Reprinted form "Echoes of Service. GC On green paper. GC On pink paper. Bennet William Henry The priest and the tombstone; or, when was she born again? Bennet William Henry Priesthood: who are priests? Blair Neatby's "History of the Plymouth Brethren. With introduction by J.

Yeovil, [n. Bennet William Henry Shall we be purified for heaven after death? Remarks on a question raised in the charge of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Bennet William Henry These fifty years: a retrospect. Bennet William Henry Things that differ; or, salvation and reward. Bath, Office of "Echoes of Service," [n. GC With manuscript annotations. Bennet William Henry "To die is gain" GC The "Berean" Booklets.

GC "Witness" Pamphlets, no. Bennet William Henry A warning from history; or, "the leaven of the Pharisees. Bennet William Henry Worship Bennett C P Cremation and resurrection. Bennett, [n. Bennett George Practical suggestions for young Christians, etc. Weston-super-mare, F. Glover, [n.

Revelation by Don Fanning - Issuu

Bennett Gordon Missionary prayer guide directory. Edited by G. Owosso, Mich. Bennett Gordon Missions review. Fifth printing, revised. Bennett Henry The pilgrim's harp, the poetry selected from various authors, the music composed and arranged for the voice and piano forte or organ. London, Publ. Morrish, [? Berean, pseud. Will the wicked be punished eternally? G Cover title "Life and kingdom evangel: special supplement by Berean. Berecsky Albert Five years of Hungarian Protestantism Budapest, Hungarian Church Press, Beresford Extracts from a discourse at Beresford, on January 12th, Xeerox copy.

Berg Gaius We remember Bea. Memorial Service for B. Chairman G. Washakie, W. Kosin, KR Includes details of B. Kosin's missionary work in Laos. Bergin George Frederick Babylon to be rebuilt and destroyed Bristol, X, no. Bergin George Frederick "Peace be unto you": an address on John xx. Bergin George Frederick The peace of God garrisoning the heart Bristol, Stirling Tract Enterprise, [n.

Bergin George Frederick The secret of a prosperous life: notes of an address delivered at Clifton Compiled by G. Bergin, etc. Bergin George Frederick Ten years after: a sequel to the autobiography of George Mueller, being an account of the work carried on at the Ashley Down Orphanage Second issue. GC With signature of W. Berichten over het werk van de Heer in binnen- en biutenland Berichten over het werk van de Heer in binnen- en biutenland.

I-VIII nr. G Per. Special Centenary issue, : celebrating years Cowell,printer, Berney F La classe de jeunes: quarante lecons bibliques a l'usage de la jeunesse. Fontaines, A. Voumard, Lausanne, Bureau de Vie et Liberte, [? Jerusalem, Syrian Orphanage Press, [n. Berry Norman The offerings: the offering up to God of the sacrifices, Leviticus chapters God's view of the cross, and ours.

Besley Russell The Lord's service and the service of believers: three addresses. Besley Russell Ministry. Best K I Bible study notes on the four Gospels. Hammond, []. London, Hammond, [n. Best Mark Two churches? The question of the church and churches. London, Chapter Two, The authentication of this reality is the resurrection of Jesus, the faithful martyr, the unmistakable sign that the restoration has begun. The historical grounding in the culture of the Roman cities is basic to understanding the messages the churches receive from Jesus. However, each letter to an individual church is to be heard by all the churches.

In some sense, therefore, the letters are to all the churches. They had some kind of test to ensure that no one got into the community, if they were tainted by Fallen Babylon. The church was not denying their allegiance to Jesus and had not become tired of being faithful citizens of New Jerusalem. The church was profoundly orthodox but no longer evangelistic. If the analysis of the problem in Ephesus is correct, then orthodoxy and evangelism are the inseparable foci of a healthy church.

Both must be kept in dynamic balance. Evangelism without orthodoxy becomes a tolerant pluralism and results in a community formed around diffuse human values and criteria. Sound orthodoxy and fervent evangelism with discipleship result in a community of faith whose growing wholeness of life is a powerful witness of the cleansing, healing; liberating life in Christ to a soiled, wounded, imprisoned world.

Christians will always be called to account for their faith and the genuine incarnation in their lives. The terms associated with this faithful church are not comfortable; suffering, poverty, blasphemy by others, being afraid, prison, being put to the test, facing death etc.

These are not terms or experiences that would induce people to sign in for the Christian pilgrimage.

It is costly to follow Christ and that is why He asked people to carry their crosses and follow Him. It has even held fast in the face of a persecution in which one of its members was martyred. Also like Ephesus, the Pergamum church has problems. Their problems differ from Ephesus. In Ephesus, the entire church seems to be involved in its cold orthodoxy. In Pergamum there are two groups. One group is verging on apostasy with its advocacy of eating food offered to idols and spiritual fornication, participating in the worship of other gods.

The rest, who appear not to participate in this activity, are tolerant of those who do. If the Ephesian church represents the intolerance of cold orthodoxy, the Pergamum church represents the toleration of mild heterodoxy. Thyatira is the central church of the seven and embodies all the three conditions. Only by highly contrived constructs of history can this be made to be an outline of church history. The first three churches are in the pattern, problem church, perfect church, and problem church.

The last three are in the pattern, perverse church, perfect church, and perverse church. Thyatira appears to combine all three types: perfect, problem, and perverse. Not only does Jesus praise them for their faithfulness, he also indicates the constant improvement in all these things 2: Some are problematic, tolerating her and her followers. These are the ones who, while they have love, faith, service, and patient endurance, are warned for their toleration of Jezebel and her followers. Some are perfect, not following this false teaching.

These are the ones who are exhibiting constant improvement in all things, and of whom Jesus asks nothing more. On the one side are those who, at various levels and in diverse ways, seek to live lives of faithful Christian discipleship. On the other side are those who, in equal diversity, adopt various apostate or heretical perspectives and behaviors.

With the exception of a few faithful souls, the church at Sardis is in dire straits. They are so spiritually dead that they are on the verge of having their name erased from the Book of Life. They need to return to the essentials of their experience of redemption, and once again begin to live out that reality in their life.

The crucial problem with the church in Sardis is that they have a reputation for being alive. Robert Mulholland Jr. There are many such Sardis-type churches in the world today that are easily identifiable. Philadelphia was founded either by Eumenes II B. As the center of a fertile vine growing area, the worship of Dionysus, the god of wine, was one of the major religious expressions.

The church in Romania under communist rule was hounded, persecuted, imprisoned, tortured, martyred. Yet it was the church that triggered the movement that ultimately brought down the brutal, dictatorial regime. After the fall of the regime, on the bulletin board of the church that had been at the center of the storm appeared this announcement: The Lamb Won! This church knew what it was to be a Philadelphia-type church, true followers of the powerless Lamb that was slain.

Most often, a faithful group of disciples had to withstand not only the pressures of the state, but also the power of a state church. In the words of Kenneth Leech, [13] :. Always, at some level of its life, the church lives against the grain of its culture. When it does so, it loses the power and prestige that comes with being a supporter of the status quo. If we give up, individually or corporately our positions of influence, prestige, and power in the world, we cannot advance the kingdom of God.

But in a kingdom established by a crucified Messiah, life comes through death, victory through defeat, strength through weakness, power through powerlessness. The world today needs more churches like Philadelphia-type.

Commentary on The Book of Revelation

Laodicea church thinks she is rich, has prospered, and need nothing more. The Laodicean Church is a Church almost immersed in the perspectives and values of its culture. They fit comfortably and smoothly into the ebb and flow of their world. In contrast to the luxurious black garments of Laodicea, Jesus counsels the church to buy from him white garments to cover the shame of their nakedness.

It becomes scarred by rejection, broken by abuses, crippled by destructive relationships, deformed by dehumanizing structures of life. But when clothed with a white garment in a world clothed in black, they stand out. Instead of participating in dehumanizing economic, political, or social structures that marginalize and dehumanize others, they become those through whom God affirms the full humanity of others.

Christ calls his followers to a divine way of seeing the world, themselves and others. Late David B. Barrett in his book claimed that classical Pentecostalism constituted the largest unit in the Protestant family, as discussed by Barret [14]. They are more problematic and perverse churches in Africa. Most of the outward contradictions start from allegations of endemic and audacious corruption, domination, exploitation, oppression, discrimination, marginalization, bigotry, nepotism, occultism, personal empowerment, and leadership power.

These variants have allowed intrusions into Christendom in the 21 st century wrecking havoc to the Christian faith.

Some of the intrusions are listed below; five of them are discussed in details:. Prosperity preaching known as prosperity gospel is sometimes referred to as Prosperity theology. Orthodox Christianity understands faith to be total surrender, believe and trust in Jesus Christ, the truth of His teaching, and the redemptive work He accomplished at Calvary, but prosperity preachers and their churches promote a different doctrine.

Faith is a spiritual force, a spiritual energy, a spiritual power. It is this force of faith, which makes the laws of the spirit world function. Faith causes them to function. Later in the same book Copeland wrote:. If you make up your mind … that you are willing to live in divine prosperity and abundance, … divine prosperity will come to pass in your life. You have exercised your faith. According to prosperity theology, faith is not a theocentric act of the will, or simply trust in God; rather it is an anthropocentric spiritual force, directed at God.

Indeed, any theology that views faith solely as a means to material gains rather than the acceptance of heavenly justification must be judged faulty. There are many reasons the prosperity gospel is damaging the continent of Africa today but this paper examines five of those reasons:. Before Christianity came to Africa people visited witch doctors and sacrificed goats or cows to get prosperity; they poured libations on the ground so the gods would hear their prayers. Today similar practices continue because the prosperity preachers have replaced the Ifa priests.

The prosperity preacher teaches people to focus on getting, not giving. Church members are continually urged to sow financial seeds to reap bigger rewards. In Africa, Christian revivals are dedicated to collecting offerings in order to achieve wealth. Preachers tell their followers that spirituality is measured by their physical prosperity. The greedy atmosphere in prosperity churches has produced arrogance and a warped style of leadership. They plant churches not because they have a burden to reach lost souls but because they see different currencies of the world when they fill an auditorium with chairs.

The most successful prosperity preacher is the most dangerous because he can convince a crowd that Jesus died to give you a Lexus, airplane or several mansions. In Nigeria, there are many cases of theses preachers accumulating fabulous wealth and live in opulence as their followers become poorer. The prosperity gospel is a poor imitation of the true gospel because it leaves no room for brokenness, suffering, humility or delay. Jesus calls us to deny ourselves and follow Him; prosperity preaching calls us to deny Jesus and follow our materialistic lusts.

Some church ministers are so set on getting rich; they cannot go through the process of discipleship that requires self-denial. The government of Malawi was once under international scrutiny because of fraud carried out by top leaders. One of these people stole millions of kwacha from the government and hid the cash in a teddy bear!

Sadly, the prosperity gospel preached in Malawi has encouraged pastors and leaders to follow the same corrupt pattern. The same thing happened in Nigeria during the administration of Goodluck Jonathan when the president of Christian Association of Nigeria was implicated in the seized cash from his plane by South African government. Churches have been growing rapidly in many parts of Africa today, yet sub-Saharan Africa is the only region in the world where poverty has increased in the past 25 years.

So according to the statistics, the prosperity gospel is not bringing prosperity! It makes their followers poorer so it is a flawed message! The attempted integration of self-esteem into Christianity has not only influenced the theology of Christian counselors but has also distorted the mission and proclamation of many evangelical and mainline Protestant churches.

Influenced by the Church Growth Movement, church leaders ask the questions: If the people in our community are seeking a sense of self-worth and self-esteem, how can we reach them? How can we be sensitive to the desires of these seekers? How can we produce a Sunday morning service that will allow these poor people with their wounded hearts and victimized lives to go home feeling good about them-selves? The preaching of the Law, the doctrine of original sin, the confession of sins, the preaching of a bloody cross as the payment for human sin has been forsaken. Rather, it is prosperity preaching; gospel of feeling good about self and be happy.

So, instead of gathering together in contrition and repentance, acknowledging sin and hearing the Good News of the forgiveness of sins in Jesus Christ, Christians today often hear sermons on politics, morals, values, and principles for living the alleged Christian life. The integration of the self-esteem concept into Christianity has produced devastating results.

Christians should be known by the good works they do within the community. But in reality, church overseers and leaders push their congregation to bring money called harvest into the house of God without a care to the source of the money. Even some church leaders convert Church funds to personal uses. Congregation becomes leaner but the Pastor fatter. Monetary issue has divided many ministries and some leaders have sold their souls to the devil due to corrupt enrichment.

This challenge is for theologians to proclaim to all the teachings of Jesus Christ on wealth accumulation and speak openly against corruption. Church Leaders must be accountable and try to emulate the Master. These social vices have crept into Christendom; the theologians must preach against them and eradicate the vices before they consume the Church. They use blackmail, kill or destroy those they consider as obstacles to achieving their goals. The elections into religious leadership positions are defaced with use of charms, manipulations and verbal assaults that affect the spiritual lives of the church members after elections.

Religious leaders use politics and religions as potent tools of deceits for Power. A church that is supposed to be led by the Holy Spirit has put the Holy Spirit in the backbench while inordinate ambition takes over the front row. People are no longer waiting to hear from God or being called by God. Church Ministries are now the alternative to unemployment and retrenchment; and the service of God is being treated like any employment. There are cases of in fighting throwing overboard the basic teaching of Christ in loving one-another. Through the cross, the Lamb ransomed people for God from every tribe, language, people and nation 5: 9.

John then sees this group standing before the throne of God and the Lamb and worshipping 7: Whenever the church forgets that the Gospel is for the world, it forgets its primary purpose in the world. The church is not only the proclaimer of the Good News, but also called to be the incarnation of the Good News. The Good News for citizens of Fallen Babylon are that there is a way of life, a mode of being, a realm of existence in which healing for brokenness, forgiveness of sin, cleansing of ungodliness, liberation from bondage, and transformation to wholeness can be found.

Salvation is the work of God, and for God in mercy has withheld the deserved punishment for our sins because Christ has paid the penalty for human beings Romans 9: , Titus 3: See A. Pieters, Studies in the Revelation of St. John , ; R. Summers, Worthy Is the Lamb Also see G. Davidson; ; that combines the Preterist and Futurist methods. Morris, Revelation ; G.

Ladd, Revelation Hendrickson Publishers Inc. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Revised Edition, William B. William B. Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids. In: LaHaye, T. Eerdmans Publishing Co. Sheldon Press, London, Share This Article:. The paper is not in the journal. Go Back HomePage. DOI: Josephine Olatomi Soboyejo. The book as a prophecy is a revelation from God that invites a response of trust and obedience though presented in the form of a letter from John to those Churches in the province of Asia.

John describes the imagery in a cryptic language and symbolism, which are very hard to understand. Eschatology is the primary theology of the book. The interpretation of Revelation has been a source of much controversy. Some held that it had a message only for the 1st century world; others maintain that the book is a prophecy to be fulfilled totally in the future. Undoubtedly, John spoke to the situation of his day that is also relevant for 21st century churches.

The letters to the seven churches indicate a situation of crisis, probably brought on by Roman persecutions of the Christians. From this understanding, John painted a vision of God's final triumph over evil that has sustained many Christians in later eras. The 21st century churches in Africa are badly divided by sectarianism and are buried under avalanche of false doctrines that are incorporated in prosperity theology and syncretism.

The church ministers are embroiled in personal empowerment and churches have lost their power. This paper critically examines all these implications along the imagery of the seven churches in Revelation. Subject Areas: Philosophy 1. Keys to Understanding Revelation The symbolism of Revelation lies with the knowledge of Hebrew theology, the Law and the Prophets, Isaiah 8: 20 , and the ancient Jewish culture. Based on the postulation of Ladd and Bratcher, one can assume that: A.

Nature of the Book of Revelation The book as Apocalypse: An apocalypse is a very specific kind of literature with no modern equivalent. There are several distinct features of apocalyptic writing: 1.

The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies
The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies
The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies
The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies
The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies
The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies The Churches of Philadelphia and Laodicea in Revelation: Two Attitudes; Two Destinies

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